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Type strictness

The mapper is sensitive to the types of the data that is recursively populated — for instance a string "42" given to a node that expects an integer will make the mapping fail because the type is not strictly respected.

Array keys that are not bound to any node are forbidden. Mapping an array ['foo' => …, 'bar' => …, 'baz' => …] to an object that needs only foo and bar will fail, because baz is superfluous. The same rule applies for shaped arrays.

Types that are too permissive are not permitted — if the mapper encounters a type like mixed, object or array it will fail because those types are not precise enough.

Flexible mode

If the limitations are too restrictive, the mapper can be made more flexible to disable all strict rules declared above and enable value casting when possible.

(new \CuyZ\Valinor\MapperBuilder())
    ->map('array{foo: int, bar: bool}', [
        'foo' => '42', // The value will be cast from `string` to `int`
        'bar' => 'true', // The value will be cast from `string` to `bool`
        'baz' => '…', // Will be ignored 

When should flexible mode be enabled?

When using this library for a provider application — for instance an API endpoint that can be called with a JSON payload — it is recommended to use the strict mode. This ensures that the consumers of the API provide the exact awaited data structure, and prevents unknown values to be passed.

When using this library as a consumer of an external source, it can make sense to enable the flexible mode. This allows for instance to convert string numeric values to integers or to ignore data that is present in the source but not needed in the application.

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